By Juan Pablo Arroyo and Adam J. Schweickert (Auth.)
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Additional info for Back to Basics in Physiology Fluids in the Renal and Cardiovascular Systems. Distribution, Dynamics, and Regulation
Remember from our discussion in Chapter 1 that the fluid within the CV system (plasmatic fluid) represents approximately 1/3 of the ECF. Key The other 2/3s of the ECF are in the interstitial space, BUT THEY SHARE THE SAME CONCENTRATIONS OF ELECTROLYTES AND WATER! 44 Back to Basics in Physiology The intravascular fluid within the body is distributed along the CV system. There are two pumps that move the fluid around: the heart and the venous muscle pump. It is through the concerted action of these two pumps that blood will flow around the CV system.
32 Back to Basics in Physiology there’s still likely going to be a bit of a traffic jam. As people start tapping their brakes trying to merge, you will see a ripple effect as cars slow down more and more. 4B. Even small changes in resistance cause a huge decrease in flow. All we did was take away two lanes. We can increase our pressure gradient all we want, but there is only so much flow through that construction zone. Key As the ΔP increases, flow increases. As R increases, flow decreases. And, flow is affected more strongly by a change in resistance than by an equal (but opposite) change in pressure.
Answer F. This patient is suffering from nephrotic syndrome, which is characterized by more than 3 g of protein in the urine in 24 h. This loss of intracapillary oncotic pressure will favor extravasation of fluid into the interstitial space and thus generating edema. Conditions associated to decreased oncotic pressure (nephrotic syndrome, cirrhosis, malnutrition) can be associated to edema because the decreased oncotic pressure will favor leakage into the interstitial space. 42 Back to Basics in Physiology Example 3 A 24-year-old football player breaks his right wrist during training.
Back to Basics in Physiology Fluids in the Renal and Cardiovascular Systems. Distribution, Dynamics, and Regulation by Juan Pablo Arroyo and Adam J. Schweickert (Auth.)