By Vladimir Gel'man
Vladimir Gel’man examines regime swap in Russia from the cave in of the Soviet Union in 1991 to the current day, systematically featuring theoretical and comparative views of the standards that affected regime adjustments and the authoritarian glide of the rustic. After the autumn of the Soviet Union, Russia’s nationwide political elites aimed to accomplish their objectives by means of growing and implementing of favorable “rules of the sport” for themselves and retaining casual profitable coalitions of cliques round person rulers. within the Nineties, those strikes have been merely partly winning given the weak point of the Russian nation and stricken post-socialist financial system. within the 2000s, even though, Vladimir Putin rescued the approach due to the combo of financial progress and the revival of the nation means he used to be in a position to enforce through implementing a sequence of non-democratic reforms. within the 2010s, altering stipulations within the kingdom have awarded new hazards and demanding situations for the Putin regime that may play themselves out within the years to come.
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Extra info for Authoritarian Russia: Analyzing Post-Soviet Regime Changes
The answer to this seemingly basic question is not so obvious, in terms of both Russia and other countries and regions. Scholars widely discuss the causes of democracy and nondemocracy, why some countries become democracies and others do not, and the experience of present-day Russia can serve as an argument in this debate. This chapter is devoted to a critical reassessment of the various explanations for the nondemocratic political trajectory of post-Soviet Russia, as well as to elaboration of a framework for analysis of regime changes and its application to contemporary Russian experience.
Thus, one may say that the legacy of the past has been unavoidable and that nondemocratic trends are likely to continue in Russia, while attempts to impose democratization are doomed in the short term, if not indefinitely. This argument is consistent with numerous surveys analyzing Russian values and attitudes. 16 Following this logic, one might even conclude that in terms of political developments Russians got what they wanted and what they deserved, namely an arbitrary nondemocratic regime and the “unrule” of law.
76 Finally, Russia is a rather homogenous country: its ethnic and religious diversity is relatively low (compared to many democracies across the globe), and if one leaves aside the special cases of the conflict-ridden ethnic regions of the North Caucasus, there is no evidence of mass violence or major threats of state collapse. All these factors would favor optimist arguments about the inevitability of democracy in Russia. On the other hand, none of the agency-driven mechanisms of democratization have ever worked in post-Soviet Russia (at least so far) and the developmental trajectory of regime 32 russia’s flight from freedom change has headed in the opposite direction.
Authoritarian Russia: Analyzing Post-Soviet Regime Changes by Vladimir Gel'man