By Hans Pauly
This publication provides a constant, updated description of the super manifold and sundry experimental options which these days let paintings with impartial debris. It lays the actual foundations of a few of the experimental ideas, which make the most of tools from such a lot fields in physics. consequently this booklet is meant not just as a reference average for researchers, but additionally as a textbook to allow scholars to realize a superior heritage and advent to the sector and its concepts.
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Additional resources for Atom, Molecule, and Cluster Beams I: Basic Theory, Production and Detection of Thermal Energy Beams
1986)]. In the course of this development it became very apparent that the "forces of light" not only allowed slowing down of a directed beam or trapping of atoms, but also provided complete control to manipulate the atoms [Pritchard (1991)]. As is discussed in more detail in Chap. 5, atomic beruns can be collimated, focused [Bjorkholm et a1. (1978), Sleator et a1. (1992)], deflected, diffracted by a grating, reflected by mirrors [Balykin and Letokhov (1989), Roach et a1. (1995), Hughes et a1.
In photofragment translation spectroscopy one takes advantage of the conservation of the center-of-rnass velocity after fragmentation, whereby the fragments have energies in the keV range, just like the original beam. This allows for very efficient detection and resolution as to location and time. For example, the energy re1eased in photodissociation and the dissociation angle in reference to the polarization direction of the laser light can be deterrnined. Finally, lifetime measurements utilize a length measurement instead of a time measurement by observing the emitted fluorescence photons as a function of location along the beam path.
These collisions deflect the primary particles from their original direction, and they reach a detector, which can be rotated about the scattering center. The measured intensity of scattered primary partieles as a function of the deflection angle (total differential cross section) contains detailed information about the interaction potential goveming the collision. g. in atom-atom collisions at thermal energies), then the spherically symmetric potential can be determined with high accuracy from measured differential cross sections as a function of the distance of the collisions partners [Buck (1974), (1975), (1988a), (1991), Lee (1988)].
Atom, Molecule, and Cluster Beams I: Basic Theory, Production and Detection of Thermal Energy Beams by Hans Pauly