By R. Jon McGee
A finished and available survey of the background of idea in anthropology, this anthology of vintage and modern readings includes in-depth remark in introductions and notes to assist advisor scholars via excerpts of seminal anthropological works. The statement offers the history details had to comprehend every one article, its principal recommendations, and its courting to the social and old context during which it used to be written. Six of the forty five articles are new to this version.
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Additional resources for Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (Fourth Edition)
For in the individual it happens that under circumstances of sudden alarm, as from a loud sound close at hand, an unexpected object starting up in front, or a slip from insecure footing, the danger is guarded against by some quick involuntary jump, or adjustment of the limbs, that takes place before there is time to consider the im pending evil, and take deliberate measures to avoid it: the rationale of which is, that these violent impressions produced on the senses are reflected from the sensory ganglia to the spinal cord and muscles, without, as in ordinary cases, first passing through the c e r e b r u m .
No d i v i s i o n of l a b o r e x i s t s e x c e p t b e t w e e n t h e s e x e s ; a n d t h e only kind of m u t u a l aid is t h a t of jo in t a t t a c k or d e f e n c e . W e ha v e n o t h i n g b e y o n d a n u n d i f f e r e n t i a t e d g r o u p of i n d i v i d u a l s f o r m i n g t h e g e r m of a s o c i e t y ; j u s t a s i n t h e g r o u p s o f s i m i l a r cells a b o ve d e s c r i b e d , we have only t h e initial sta ge of a n i m a l a n d vegetal orga niz a tion.
Very significant, too, is the fact that those units of a society, who from the beginning discharge the directive and executive functions, are those in whom the directive and executive organs pre-dominate: in other words, that what by analogy we call the nervo-muscular apparatus of a society begins to grow out of those units whose nervomuscular systems are most developed. For the chiefs who, as individuals, or as a class, first separate themselves from the mass of a tribe, and be-gin to exercise control over their respective dependents and over the society as a whole, are men who have the greatest bodily vigor, the greatest bravery, or the greatest c u n n i n g m o r e powerful limbs, or more powerful brains, or both; while those to whom the industrious processes are chiefly l e f t - i n the smallest tribes the women, and in larger ones the least masculine m e n - a r e of less nervo-muscular power.
Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (Fourth Edition) by R. Jon McGee