By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive function within the American Civil battle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the reduce Mississippi valley have been positioned to the attempt within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg used to be a fort urban, often called the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose catch is frequently obvious because the key to victory within the battle.
This booklet explores the fortifications of the river valley, targeting Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding town and interpreting the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications while below siege. additionally tested are a number of different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour paintings and cutaways.
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Additional resources for American Civil War Fortifications
Directly opposite the Twenty-ﬁrst Louisiana Redan, Battery De Golyer was one of the largest Federal positions. Named for Captain Samuel De Golyer, commander of the 8th Battery Michigan Light Artillery, who was mortally wounded by a stray bullet on May 28, 1863, it contained 20 guns which at various points in the siege consisted of two 12-pounder guns and two 3in. riﬂes served by the Independent Ohio Battery, commanded by Captain T. D. Yost; two 12-pounder howitzers and four James riﬂes, manned by the 8th Michigan Light Artillery; two 6-pounder guns and four James riﬂes worked by the 3rd Ohio Light Artillery; and four James riﬂes served by Battery L, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery.
Smith’s Left and Right Approaches invested the Second Texas Lunette. Carr’s Left and Right Approaches threatened the Railroad Redoubt. Logan’s Approach closed in on the 3rd Louisiana Redan from Battery Hickenlooper. Hovey’s Approach neared the Square Fort, while Slack’s Secondary Approach drew close to an angle in the trench line manned by the 23rd Alabama Infantry south of that fort. Herron’s Approach invested the lines near South Fort. 50 The mines The Federals dug mines under the Confederate lines and packed them with black powder.
The columbiad and mortar were manned by Co. G, 1st Louisiana Heavy Artillery, while the 6-pounders were served by Co. A, 14th Mississippi Light Artillery. 44 The guns of Battery A (Chicago Light Artillery), 1st Illinois Light Artillery, commanded by Captain Peter P. Wood, stand behind a log breastwork with earthen traverses in front of the Confederate fortiﬁcations outside Vicksburg on May 22, 1863, four days after their arrival from Baker’s Creek. The Stockade Redan is seen on the opposite ridge, with Vicksburg in the distance.
American Civil War Fortifications by Ron Field