By R Brock, S Hodkinson
This quantity includes eighteen essays by means of verified and more youthful historians that research non-democratic substitute political structures and ideologies--oligarchies, monarchies, combined constitutions--along with different sorts of communal and neighborhood institutions comparable to ethnoi, amphiktyonies, and confederacies. The papers, which span the size and breadth of the Hellenic global spotlight the enormous political flexibility and variety of historic Greek civilization.
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This quantity includes eighteen essays via demonstrated and more youthful historians that study non-democratic substitute political structures and ideologies--oligarchies, monarchies, combined constitutions--along with different varieties of communal and local institutions comparable to ethnoi, amphiktyonies, and confederacies.
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Additional info for Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece
6–10) or those which preceded the Union of Argos and Corinth in the late 390s (ibid. 4. 4. 1–6). We should not present too anodyne a picture of ancient Greek political change. Nevertheless, the comparative ﬂexibility of political arrangements was a signiﬁcant phenomenon in a world which did not possess, as does our own, a single dominant political formation like the nation-state whose citizens lack direct control of its di·erentiated decision-making institutions and armed forces. The challenge for us moderns is to develop an interpretative framework for ancient Greek politics and polities which matches the ﬂexibility of the Greeks themselves.
At Megara, for example, only those who had taken part in the (probably mid-sixth-century) oligarchic coup were eligible for o¶ce, a criterion based upon participation in group violence which was highly appropriate in the Maﬁoso-like society described by van Wees. It would be easy to take a cynical view and suggest that oligarchy had no ideological basis beyond the concern of those exercising power to retain it. Certainly, for anyone taking a pragmatic rather than a strictly moral view, it is hard to perceive any palpable distinction between oligarchy and aristocracy.
Nevertheless, many of the Athenian e‹ lite clearly opted out of democratic politics: L. B. Carter (1986) chs. 1–3. For ‘proportional equality’ see Harvey (1965–6); for isonomia (‘political equality’) in oligarchic ideology see Cartledge (2000); for the battle of ideology see Brock (1991). 20 Roger Brock and Stephen Hodkinson and be more relaxed about iteration, or even life tenure, which—it could be argued—allowed poleis to retain competent men in o¶ce and beneﬁt from the expertise they had acquired, something Athenian democracy regarded as potentially dangerous.
Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece by R Brock, S Hodkinson