By R.E. Hester, R.M. Harrison
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Additional resources for AIR POLLUTION & HEALTH
However, despite these caveats, chamber studies have, in general, provided very useful information as to the presence or absence of effects of specific pollutants at specific doses and have provided useful insights into the mechanisms of these effects. Epidemiological studies have been much more informative about health effects both at an individual and population level, studying as they do the real-life situation. The difficulty comes in deciding how large an effect may be and to what specific pollutant or pollutant mix such an effect may be attributable.
Du V. Florey, R. W. , Int. J. , 1982, 11, 164. D. J. Jarvis, S. Chinn, C. , Lancet, 1996, 347, 426. E. von Mutius, Ch. Fritzsch, S. K. , Br. Med. , 1992, 305, 1395. D. V. Bates, M. Baker-Anderson and R. Sizto, Environ. , 1990, 51, 51. K. Katsouyanni, A. Karakatsani, I. , J. Epidemiol. Community Health, 1990, 44, 321. The APHEA studies have not been helpful in this regard as insufficient NO data were available measured over suitable time sampling frames. However, the current set of epidemiological studies (APHEA 2) will hopefully be able to consider the role of NO in this respect, although the likelihood is that any effect possibly due to NO will be inseparable from the effects due to other pollutants.
Mohsenin, Toxicol. Environ. Health, 1987, 22, 371. G. Bylin, G. Hedenstierna, T. , Eur. Respir. , 1988, 1, 606. R. Jorres and H. Magnussen, Eur. Respir. , 1990, 3, 132. W. S. Tunnicliffe, P. S. Burge and J. G. Ayres, Lancet, 1994, 344, 1733. J. L. Devalia, R. J. Sapsford, D. R. , Eur. Respir. , 1993, 6, 1308. J. G. Ayres, Eur. Respir. , 1998, 8, in press. 13 job:LAY01 21-9-1998 page:14 colour:1 black–text J. G. Ayres present evidence. However, the longer-term effects of nitrogen dioxide exposure, particularly when one bears in mind that oxides of nitrogen are major products of gas combustion in kitchens and levels are also elevated in rooms with a poorly serviced gas fire, may be more important in determining chronic health effects.
AIR POLLUTION & HEALTH by R.E. Hester, R.M. Harrison