By Lucille H. Campey
Scots who opted for pioneer lifestyles in Prince Edward Island are the topic of this ebook. Being the 1st of the "northern" colonies to be bought off in its entirety to vendors within the past due eighteenth century, P.E.I. obtained its Scots earliest, doing so even sooner than the beginning of the yank battle of Independence in 1775. The colonization of Prince Edward Island by way of Scots takes us again to a interval whilst the method of emigration and cost have been of their infancy.
The Pioneer Scots of Prince Edward Island should still command our recognize. They confirmed large braveness and resolution and such a lot have been successful.
Previous reports of early Scottish emigration to the hot global have tended to be aware of the miseries of evictions and the destruction of previous groups. during this groundbreaking examine of the inflow of Scots to Prince Edward Island, the commonly held assumption that emigration used to be completely a flight from poverty is challenged. by way of uncovering formerly unreported send crossings, in addition to quite a lot of manuscripts and underused resources similar to customs files and newspaper transport studies, the publication presents the main complete account thus far of the inflow of Scots to the Island. "A Very effective category of Immigrants" is vital studying for people wishing to track kin hyperlinks or deepen their figuring out of ways and why the Island got here to procure its particular Scottish groups. And through gaining access to, for the 1st time, transport assets like Lloyd's checklist and the Lloyd's delivery sign in, the writer brings a brand new measurement to our knowing of emigrant commute. Lucille H. Campey demonstrates that faraway from crusing on disease-ridden leaky tubs, as popularly imagined, the Island's Pioneer Scots often crossed the Atlantic at the top to be had ships of the time.
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Additional resources for A Very Fine Class of Immigrants: Prince Edward Island's Scottish Pioneers, 1770-1850
The Catholic Church, which preferred to stay in the background, helped to find funds for the few families who were unable to pay their own passages. The two hundred or so Catholic Highlanders, who sailed to the Island in 1772 on the Alexander of Greenock, came mainly from the Catholic strongholds within the MacDonald estates, especially in South Uist, Barra, Eigg and mainland west Inverness-shire. 18 The troubles had their origin in the ill-feeling created within the MacDonald estate when the South Uist tenantry were put under pressure to convert to Presbyterianism.
This outcome had certainly not been the original intention of the Roman Catholic Church which had merely wanted to force better conditions at home. 28 Part of the reason for the huge response was their initial leader, John MacDonald of Glenaladale. Although in later years he became a rather controversial and isolated figure, thus stemming his overall influence on the social and political development of the Island, his high status in the eyes of his Highland followers made him a pivotal character during the early stages of emigration.
Andrew was probably a fictional character and the stories of his pleasing encounters in Charlottetown a complete fabrication, but such journalistic efforts demonstrate that emigration propagandists had their black arts too: "Several citizens impelled either by spontaneous attachments or motives of humanity took many of them [the emigrants] to their houses; the city agreeably to its usual wisdom and humanity ordered them all to be lodged in the barracks and plenty of provisions given them.... "27 So, as a result of economic and religious tensions in Scotland, Prince Edward Island acquired large numbers of Gaelic-speaking Catholics in the last three decades of the eighteenth century.
A Very Fine Class of Immigrants: Prince Edward Island's Scottish Pioneers, 1770-1850 by Lucille H. Campey