By Jonathan Wagner
Human migration figures prominently in smooth international historical past, and has performed a pivotal position in shaping the Canadian nationwide kingdom. but whereas a lot has been written approximately Canada's multicultural background, little cognizance has been paid to German migrants even though they compose Canada's 3rd greatest eu ethnic minority. A heritage of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 addresses that hole within the checklist. Jonathan Wagner considers why Germans left their domestic nation, why they selected to settle in Canada, who assisted their passage, and the way they crossed the sea to their new domestic, in addition to how the Canadian govt perceived and solicited them as immigrants. He examines the German context as heavily as advancements in Canada, supplying a brand new, extra entire method of German-Canadian immigration. This e-book will attract scholars of German Canadiana, in addition to to these drawn to Canadian ethnic historical past, and ecu and glossy overseas migration.
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Extra info for A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939
An 1865 report in the Allgemeine Auswanderungszeitung nicely described what happened after a settler had taken possession of the land: "In the course of a few years an unbelievable transformation takes place. The previous wilderness is transformed into fertile fields. One after another, the tree stumps are uprooted and removed and the plow given free reign. The [primitive] blockhouse is replaced by a more elegant one of stone or wood. A garden is put in which provides vegetables for the family table.
Migration Morphology: Nature and Causes Unlike Canada, Germany suffered no dearth of people in 1850. As noted, the German states had been experiencing the larger European demographic revolution for nearly a century. Although many causes have been suggested to explain this population increase, a declining mortality rate seems to have been the most significant factor for Germany, as elsewhere. In any case, between 1816 and 1865 the population of the German states (Prussia plus the Confederation) grew from about thirty-two million to fifty-two million, an increase of over 60 percent.
As the geographic origin of the emigrants shifted to the north and east, typical immigrant family and marital status changed also. Although statistics from the period 1850-70 are more incomplete than those of later times, enough partial data exist to allow a measure of sex and age determination. The available data indicate that persons under the age of ten made up about 20 percent of the emigrant population between 1850 and 1870. The impli- Migration in the 1850s and 1860s 25 cations of this are clear: families, rather than individuals travelling alone, composed the majority of German emigrants in the first several decades after 1850.
A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 by Jonathan Wagner