Download e-book for iPad: A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy

By John Murphy

An honest Provision is a story historical past of ways and why Australia equipped a particular welfare regime within the interval from the 1870s to 1949. at the start of this era, the Australian colonies have been belligerently insisting they have to now not have a bad legislations, but had reproduced the various platforms of charitable provision in Britain. via the beginning of the 20th century, a mixture of prolonged suffrage, simple salary law and the elderly pension had ended in a name as a 'social laboratory'. And but part a century later, Australia was once a 'welfare laggard' and the hard work Party's welfare country of the mid-1940s was once a comparatively modest and parsimonious development. versions of welfare according to social coverage were vigorously rejected, and the Australian method persisted on a direction of hugely residual, specified welfare funds.

The e-book explains this curious and halting trajectory, displaying how offerings made in past many years limited what should be performed, and what will be imagined. in keeping with vast new study from quite a few fundamental resources it makes an important contribution to common old debates, in addition to to the sphere of comparative social coverage.

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This was a case of learning from the Poor Law administration, rather than repeating its mistakes, a more subtle way of thinking about the legacy of British debates on poverty and pauperism. And his proposal was eventually put into effect, when, in March 1881, Sir Henry Parkes introduced legislation to establish the State Children’s Relief Board to administer deserted and destitute children, including removing them from their parents and arranging their foster care with a small payment. ’ Unless relief was restricted, it ‘must inevitably tend to the development of a pauper spirit in the community’.

It was partly absurd and partly rhetorical. This was the Poor Law not as the nightmare of the working class, but as the antithesis of self-reliant liberalism and individual voluntary action. 39 41 42 43 40 VPD, vol. 87, 1897, p. 79. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 539–40, 546–7. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, p. 544. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 554–6. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 564, 566–7. The Pauper in the New World 23 Turner seemed baffled by all this opposition, for how was implementing the provisions of this Royal Commission a step towards the treadmill and stonebreaking?

19 His commission investigated the large institutions that had been developed in Sydney. He worried that the ‘outdoor relief’ distributed by the Benevolent Asylum was subject to abuse and imposition, and condemned the Master of the Parramatta Asylum, which housed 265 infirm destitute men, for giving out ‘deficient’ rations and for what appeared to be theft of the paltry savings of one old man. At the Liverpool Asylum, which housed some 620 destitute, aged and infirm men, he found fairer and more efficient administration.

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A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy

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